Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Puyehue-Cordon Caulle
The Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcanic complex forms the horizon in this view looking north across the Río Gol Gol valley from the Antillanca volcano group. Flat-topped 2236-m-high Puyehue volcano (right) is a late-Pleistocene to Holocene basaltic-to-rhyolitic stratovolcano constructed above a 5-km-wide caldera and capped by a 2.4-km-wide summit caldera. Historical eruptions originally attributed to Puyehue are now known to be from the Cordón Caulle rift zone, the long snow-covered ridge that extends across the photo to the left of Puyehue. Photo by Klaus Dorsch, 2001 (University of Munich).
Volcano Number:357150
Volcano Name:Puyehue-Cordon Caulle
Country:Chile
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2012 CE
Elevation:2236m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:129
Pop. within 10km:783
Pop. within 30km:7163
Pop. within 100km:515357
Latitude:-40.59
Longitude:-72.117



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12192 Confirmed Eruption 5 Puyehue PU-2 tephra Radiocarbon (corrected) -5080
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12193 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -4690
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12194 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4460
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12195 Confirmed Eruption Puyehue Ar/Ar -4450
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12196 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -4230
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12197 Confirmed Eruption Puyehue Ar/Ar -3250
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12198 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -1490
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12199 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -990
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12200 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -490
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12201 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) 110
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12202 Confirmed Eruption Puyehue? Tephrochronology 140
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12203 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) 500
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12204 Confirmed Eruption 5 Puyehue MH tephra Radiocarbon (corrected) 860
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12205 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) 1140
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12206 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) 1220
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12207 Confirmed Eruption 2 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1759
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12208 Confirmed Eruption 2 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1893
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12209 Confirmed Eruption 2 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1905
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12210 Confirmed Eruption 2 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1914/2/8
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12211 Confirmed Eruption 2 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1919 1920
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12212 Confirmed Eruption 3 Cordón Caulle-Cordillera Nevada Historical Observations 1921/12/13 1922/2/12
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12213 Confirmed Eruption 2 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1929/1/7
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12214 Confirmed Eruption 2 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1934/3/6
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12215 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1960/5/24 1960/7/30
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 12216 Confirmed Eruption 1 Cordón Caulle Historical Observations 1990/7/2
357150 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle 20809 Confirmed Eruption 5 Cordón Caulle, N of the 1960 eruption fissure Historical Observations 2011/6/4 2012/4/21
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
329 200 2011/06/04 2011/06/04


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
Major element geochemistry of glass shards from the 2011-2012 Cordón Caulle eruption (electron microprobe) Bertrand, Sebastien 2014-11-27 10.1594/IEDA/100480 Details
Bulk major element geochemistry of tephra from the 2011-2012 Cordon Caulle eruption (ICP-AES) Bertrand, Sebastien 2014-11-27 10.1594/IEDA/100481 Details
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.