Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Eyjafjallajokull
The E-W-trending summit ridge of Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll), located west of Katla volcano, is seen here from the NW with the steep-sloped Falljökull valley glacier descending at the left toward the Markafljot plain. The summit of 1666-m-high Eyjafjallajökull is truncated by a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera, which is breached to the north. Prior to 2010, the last eruption known from Eyjafjallajökull was during December 1821 to January 1823. Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1992 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
Volcano Number:372020
Volcano Name:Eyjafjallajokull
Country:Iceland
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2010 CE
Elevation:1651m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:4
Pop. within 30km:786
Pop. within 100km:18516
Latitude:63.633
Longitude:-19.633



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
372020 Eyjafjallajokull 12559 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 550
372020 Eyjafjallajokull 12560 Confirmed Eruption 3 NW flank (Skerin ridge) Tephrochronology 920
372020 Eyjafjallajokull 12561 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1612
372020 Eyjafjallajokull 12562 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1821/12/19 1823/1/1
372020 Eyjafjallajokull 12563 Confirmed Eruption 4 ENE flank (Fimmvörduháls) and summit Historical Observations 2010/3/20 2010/6/23
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
350 466 2010/04/14 2010/04/14


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
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