Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Vulcano
The island of Vulcano in Italy's Aeolian Islands is seen here from the volcano observatory on the island of Lipari to the north, with the volcanic peninsula of Vulcanello, initially formed in 183 BCE, in the foreground and Fossa cone in the background. Vulcano consists of at least three volcanic complexes, each of which is truncated by a small caldera. Volcanism has migrated to the north with Fossa cone being the dominant Holocene center. The latest eruption took place from 1888 to 1890. Photo by Richard Waitt, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:211050
Volcano Name:Vulcano
Country:Italy
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Last Eruption:1890 CE
Elevation:500m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:2259
Pop. within 10km:23059
Pop. within 30km:86766
Pop. within 100km:2093800
Latitude:38.404
Longitude:14.962



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
211050 Vulcano 10008 Confirmed Eruption Fossa Historical Observations 1688
211050 Vulcano 13427 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1631
211050 Vulcano 13428 Confirmed Eruption Fossa Historical Observations 1651
211050 Vulcano 13436 Confirmed Eruption NW side (Lentia) Potassium-Argon -6550
211050 Vulcano 13437 Confirmed Eruption Monte Saraceno tephra Potassium-Argon -6350
211050 Vulcano 13438 Confirmed Eruption 0 Fossa Punte Nere lava flow Potassium-Argon -3550
211050 Vulcano 13439 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa Potassium-Argon -2650
211050 Vulcano 13440 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa Tephrochronology -1300
211050 Vulcano 13441 Confirmed Eruption 0 Fossa Uranium-series -950
211050 Vulcano 13442 Confirmed Eruption Fossa Historical Observations -475
211050 Vulcano 13443 Confirmed Eruption 2 Fossa Historical Observations -360
211050 Vulcano 13444 Confirmed Eruption 2 Fossa Historical Observations -300
211050 Vulcano 13445 Confirmed Eruption Offshore vent Historical Observations -215
211050 Vulcano 13446 Confirmed Eruption 4 Vulcanello Historical Observations -183
211050 Vulcano 13447 Confirmed Eruption Uranium-series -150
211050 Vulcano 13451 Confirmed Eruption Vulcanello Historical Observations -126
211050 Vulcano 13452 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Vulcanello Historical Observations -91
211050 Vulcano 13454 Confirmed Eruption Vulcanello ? Historical Observations -24
211050 Vulcano 13455 Uncertain Eruption Vulcanello -10
211050 Vulcano 13456 Confirmed Eruption Fossa Historical Observations 50
211050 Vulcano 13457 Confirmed Eruption Fossa Historical Observations 144
211050 Vulcano 13458 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa and Vulcanello III? Historical Observations 526
211050 Vulcano 13461 Confirmed Eruption Fossa Historical Observations 729
211050 Vulcano 13462 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 925
211050 Vulcano 13463 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Magnetism 1040
211050 Vulcano 13464 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Vulcanello Magnetism 1200
211050 Vulcano 13465 Confirmed Eruption 0 Fossa Palizzi lava flow Magnetism 1230
211050 Vulcano 13466 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1444/2/4
211050 Vulcano 13467 Confirmed Eruption 3 Vulcanello III Historical Observations 1550
211050 Vulcano 13468 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1618
211050 Vulcano 13469 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1626 1626
211050 Vulcano 13470 Confirmed Eruption 3 Forgia Vecchia II and Fossa Historical Observations 1727
211050 Vulcano 13471 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa Historical Observations 1731 1739
211050 Vulcano 13472 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa Historical Observations 1771/2/17 1771
211050 Vulcano 13473 Uncertain Eruption Fossa 1775
211050 Vulcano 13474 Confirmed Eruption 2 Fossa Historical Observations 1780
211050 Vulcano 13475 Uncertain Eruption 3 Fossa 1786
211050 Vulcano 13476 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? Fossa 1812
211050 Vulcano 13477 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? Fossa 1822 1823
211050 Vulcano 13478 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? Fossa 1831
211050 Vulcano 13479 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa Historical Observations 1873 1879
211050 Vulcano 13480 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa Historical Observations 1886/1/5
211050 Vulcano 13481 Confirmed Eruption 3 Fossa Historical Observations 1888/8/2 1890/3/22
211050 Vulcano 13482 Uncertain Eruption 0 5 km east of Vulcanello 1892/12/14
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Temperatures of Fumaroles measured by contact sensor (Thermocouple Type K) on the upper rim of La Fossa cone Diliberto, Iole 2021-06-12 10.26022/IEDA/112021 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Vulcano Village area (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Soil diffuse degassing in the Village area of Vulcano island.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Village area Detail CO2 0.69 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano Istmo area (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Diffuse soil degassing in the Istmo area
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Istmo area Detail CO2 5 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano La Fossa Crater (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Diffuse gaseous emissions on the summit area of La Fossa crater, Vulcano island.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 331 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 223 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 152 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 81 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 724 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 504 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 140 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 180 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 77 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 99 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail 2005/04/08 CO2 269 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail 1995/07/19 CO2 206 0 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater Detail CO2 91 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01071998 Detail 1998/07/01 CO2 107 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01032002 Detail 2002/03/01 CO2 68 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01062003 Detail 2003/06/01 CO2 41 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01122004 Detail 2004/12/01 CO2 331 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01042005 Detail 2005/04/01 CO2 223 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01052005 Detail 2005/05/01 CO2 152 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01072005 Detail 2005/07/01 CO2 82 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01122005 Detail 2005/12/01 CO2 724 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01012006 Detail 2006/01/01 CO2 504 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01041995 Detail 1995/04/01 CO2 165 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_01071995 Detail 1995/07/01 CO2 109 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano La Fossa Crater (F0+FA) (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Intense fumarolic emission along the rim of La Fossa crater, Vulcano island.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: fumarole
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Concentration Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Concentration Unit of Measure
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail HF 0.02
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail H2O 75.09
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail CO2 21.6
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail HCl 0.99
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail H2S 0.57
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail SO2 0.74
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail He 1.8E-5
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail H2 0.0011
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail N2 0.05
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail CO 4.7E-5
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail CH4 4.3E-6
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail SO2 12 1.9 Mg/d
Vulcano La Fossa Crater (FA+F0) Detail CO2 360 40 Mg/d
Vulcano_11032014 Detail 2014/03/11 CO2 524 108 Mg/d
Vulcano_12112009 Detail 2009/11/12 H2O 580 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_12112009 Detail 2009/11/12 CO2 680 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_12112009 Detail 2009/11/12 SO2 21 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_12112009 Detail 2009/11/12 H2S 8 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_04022010 Detail 2010/02/04 H2O 225 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_04022010 Detail 2010/02/04 CO2 290 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_04022010 Detail 2010/02/04 SO2 12 0 Mg/d
Vulcano_04022010 Detail 2010/02/04 H2S 7.5 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcanello (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Soil diffuse emissions at Vulcanello area, Vulcano island.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcanello Detail CO2 0.52 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano Piano area (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Soil diffuse degassing inside the Piano's caldera.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Piano area Detail CO2 4 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano Levante beach (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Many small fumarolic emissions and a mud pool are present in the Levante Beach area, with gases reaching a maximum T of 100 °C, located either offshore and in land.
Hazard Description: During a crisis, diffuse soil gas output significantly increases also from outside La Fossa crater area, in zones such as Levante Beach and Palizzi, where permanent anomalous degassing occurs because of the presence of leaking fissures.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 3.8 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 5 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 4.7 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 5 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 8.9 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 1.9 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 14.2 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Levante beach Detail CO2 9.1 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano Lentia area (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Diffuse emissions at Lentia area, Vulcano island.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Lentia area Detail CO2 0.52 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano Campo sportivo (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Soil diffuse gaseous emissions inside the Campo Sportivo area, Vulcano island.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Campo sportivo Detail CO2 0.007 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano Gelso area (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Soil diffuse degassing at Gelso area, sout-eastern sector of the island.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Gelso area Detail CO2 1 0 Mg/d

Location: Vulcano Palizzi area (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: SW base of La Fossa cone, known for its high CO2 soil concentration and release.
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Sicilia, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vulcano Island
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vulcano Palizzi area_042010 Detail CO2 0.6 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_082010 Detail CO2 0.8 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_102009 Detail CO2 1.1 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_122005 Detail CO2 2.1 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_072005 Detail CO2 1.6 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_052005 Detail CO2 2.2 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_122004 Detail CO2 0.2 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_092007 Detail CO2 7 0 Mg/d
Vulcano Palizzi area_30062015 Detail 2015/06/30 CO2 29.8 0 Mg/d