Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Heard
A plume rises in 1985 or 1986 from the summit of Big Ben volcano on Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean. It is seen here from an abandoned Australian geophysical station at Atlas Cove, NNW of the summit. The historically active Mawson Peak forms the island's high point and lies within a 5-6 km wide caldera breached to the SW side of Big Ben. Small satellite scoria cones are mostly located on the N coast. Several subglacial eruptions have been reported. Photo by A. Hitchman, 1985 (courtesy of Wally Johnson, Australian BMRGG, Canberra).
Volcano Number:234010
Volcano Name:Heard
Country:Australia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2020 CE
Elevation:2745m
Tectonic Setting:Intraplate / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:0
Pop. within 100km:0
Latitude:-53.106
Longitude:73.513



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
234010 Heard 14400 Uncertain Eruption 2 1881/6/2
234010 Heard 14401 Confirmed Eruption 2 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 1910 1910
234010 Heard 14402 Confirmed Eruption 2 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 1950/1/24 1952/3/12
234010 Heard 14403 Confirmed Eruption 2 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 1953/8/20 1953/11/18
234010 Heard 14404 Confirmed Eruption 2 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 1954/4/13 1954/6/13
234010 Heard 14405 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Mawson Peak Historical Observations 1985/1/14 1987/1/16
234010 Heard 14406 Uncertain Eruption Mawson Peak 1992/1/17 1992/1/18
234010 Heard 14407 Confirmed Eruption 0 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 1992/5/29
234010 Heard 14408 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Mawson Peak Historical Observations 1993/1/2
234010 Heard 14409 Confirmed Eruption 2 Mawson Peak and upper south flank Historical Observations 2000/3/7 2001/2/16
234010 Heard 14410 Confirmed Eruption 0 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 2003/6/9 2004/6/14
234010 Heard 14412 Confirmed Eruption 0 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 2006/3/11 2008/3/3
234010 Heard 20768 Confirmed Eruption 0 Mawson Peak Historical Observations 2012/9/5 2020/5/3
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
74 10 1985/01/14 1985/01/14


Data from the Earthchem Library
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Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database
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Data from the MaGa Database
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