Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Karkar
An ash plume rises above the summit of Karkar volcano in 1979. There are two nested summit calderas at the summit of the forested volcano resulting in a broad, low profile. The 5.5-km-wide outer caldera was formed during one or more eruptions, the last of which occurred 9,000 years ago. The 3.2-km-wide inner caldera was formed sometime between 1,500 and 800 years ago. Most historical eruptions, like this one in 1979, have originated from Bagiai cone within the 300-m-deep inner caldera. Photo by Wally Johnson, 1979 (Australia Bureau of Mineral Resources).
Volcano Number:251030
Volcano Name:Karkar
Country:Papua New Guinea
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2014 CE
Elevation:1839m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:5
Pop. within 10km:4159
Pop. within 30km:20127
Pop. within 100km:189841
Latitude:-4.649
Longitude:145.964



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
251030 Karkar 14936 Confirmed Eruption 4 C Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -7140
251030 Karkar 14937 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -870
251030 Karkar 14938 Confirmed Eruption 4 C Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 520
251030 Karkar 14939 Confirmed Eruption 4 P Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 730
251030 Karkar 14940 Confirmed Eruption South flank (Patilo Cone) Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 1070
251030 Karkar 14941 Confirmed Eruption 3 ^ Historical Observations 1643/4/20
251030 Karkar 14942 Uncertain Eruption 1830
251030 Karkar 14943 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1885
251030 Karkar 14944 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1895/6/17 1895
251030 Karkar 14945 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? Ulumam 1962/7/2
251030 Karkar 14946 Confirmed Eruption 2 Bagiai Historical Observations 1974/2/14 1974/8/8
251030 Karkar 14947 Confirmed Eruption 2 Bagiai Historical Observations 1974/12/30 1975/6/26
251030 Karkar 14948 Confirmed Eruption 2 SE foot of Bagiai Historical Observations 1979/1/12 1979/8/9
251030 Karkar 14949 Uncertain Eruption 1 1980/1/7 1980/1/17
251030 Karkar 14950 Uncertain Eruption 2009/5/1
251030 Karkar 14951 Uncertain Eruption 1 2010/2/25 2010/2/26
251030 Karkar 20778 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2012/2/1 2012/2/1
251030 Karkar 20779 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2013/1/29 2013/2/26
251030 Karkar 20910 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2014/3/26 2014/3/27
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
89 50 1979/03/08 1979/03/08


Data from the Earthchem Library
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Data from the MaGa Database
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