Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Galunggung
The low, forested volcano of Galunggung in western Java is cut by a 2 x 6 km breached crater formed by a massive slope failure that created the "Ten Thousand Hills of Tasikmalaya" at the foot of the volcano. Historical eruptions have been infrequent, but have caused much devastation. This view from within the breached crater shows the low Gunung Jadi cone in front of the crater headwall and lahar channels on the Cikunir River from the 1982-1983 eruption. Photo by Ruska Hadian, 1983 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
Volcano Number:263140
Volcano Name:Galunggung
Country:Indonesia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1984 CE
Elevation:2168m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:4781
Pop. within 10km:66495
Pop. within 30km:2382939
Pop. within 100km:23897342
Latitude:-7.25
Longitude:108.058



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
263140 Galunggung 15716 Confirmed Eruption 5 ? Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2250
263140 Galunggung 15717 Uncertain Eruption 850
263140 Galunggung 15718 Confirmed Eruption 5 Historical Observations 1822/10/8 1822/12/1
263140 Galunggung 15719 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1894/10/17 1894
263140 Galunggung 15720 Confirmed Eruption 1 Gunung Jadi Historical Observations 1918/7/17 1918/7/30
263140 Galunggung 15721 Confirmed Eruption 4 New crater at Gunung Jadi location Historical Observations 1982/4/5 1983/1/8
263140 Galunggung 15722 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1984/1/9 1984/1/31
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
113 730 1982/04/05 1982/06/03
114 430 1982/06/24 1982/06/24
115 440 1982/07/13 1982/07/17
116 130 1982/08/15 1982/09/18


Data from the Earthchem Library
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Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
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