Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Ijen
Steam rises from fumaroles on the SE crater wall of the highly acidic Kawah Ijen crater lake, which lies within one of the post-caldera cones of the massive 20-km-wide Ijen caldera. The renowned 1-km-wide turquoise-colored crater lake, located on the flank of Gunung Merapi stratovolcano near the eastern rim of Ijen caldera, has been the site of phreatic eruptions in historical time and is noted for its deposits of elemental sulfur. The acidic sulfate-chloride type crater lake has very low pH values of about 0.2. Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:263350
Volcano Name:Ijen
Country:Indonesia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Last Eruption:1999 CE
Elevation:2769m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:1098
Pop. within 10km:5504
Pop. within 30km:664199
Pop. within 100km:6846855
Latitude:-8.058
Longitude:114.242



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
263350 Ijen 16167 Confirmed Eruption Kawah Ijen Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -640
263350 Ijen 16168 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1796
263350 Ijen 16169 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1817/1/15 1817/2/18
263350 Ijen 16170 Confirmed Eruption 1 Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1917/2/25 1917/3/14
263350 Ijen 16171 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1936/11/5 1936/11/25
263350 Ijen 16172 Confirmed Eruption 1 Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1952/4/22 1952/4/24
263350 Ijen 16173 Confirmed Eruption 1 Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1993/7/3 1993/8/1
263350 Ijen 16174 Confirmed Eruption 1 Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1994/2/3 1994/2/3
263350 Ijen 16175 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Kawah Ijen Historical Observations 1999/6/28 1999/6/28
263350 Ijen 16176 Uncertain Eruption 1 Kawah Ijen 2000/9/1 2000/9/10
263350 Ijen 16178 Uncertain Eruption 1 Kawah Ijen 2002/7/29 2002/8/15
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the SESAR database.


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.