Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Chirinkotan
The small, mostly unvegetated 3-km-wide island of Chirinkotan is the emergent summit of a volcano that rises 3000 m from the floor of the Kuril Basin. Submarine terraces are lacking around the island, suggesting the edifice is of Holocene age. Chirinkotan lies at the far end of an E-W-trending volcanic chain that extends nearly 50 km west of the central part of the main Kuril Islands arc. Historical eruptions have been recorded at Chirinkotan since the 18th century, including one observed by the English fur trader Captain Snow. Photo by R. Bulgakov, 1990 (Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Yuzhno-Sakhalin).
Volcano Number:290260
Volcano Name:Chirinkotan
Country:Russia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2017 CE
Elevation:724m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Intermediate crust (15-25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:0
Pop. within 100km:6
Latitude:48.98
Longitude:153.48



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
290260 Chirinkotan 18824 Uncertain Eruption 2 1760
290260 Chirinkotan 18825 Confirmed Eruption 0 North foot of inner summit cone Historical Observations 1884
290260 Chirinkotan 18826 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1900
290260 Chirinkotan 18827 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Floor of summit explosion crater Historical Observations 1955/7/2
290260 Chirinkotan 18828 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1979/4/16 1980/10/10
290260 Chirinkotan 18829 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1986/10/11 1986/10/12
290260 Chirinkotan 18830 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2004/7/20 2004/7/20
290260 Chirinkotan 20757 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2013/6/11 2014/6/1
290260 Chirinkotan 22175 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2016/11/29 2017/4/7
290260 Chirinkotan 22223 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2014/11/21 2015/8/10
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the SESAR database.


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.