Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Cleveland
The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland forms the western half of Chuginadak Island. The 1730-m stratovolcano is one of the most active volcanoes of the Aleutian Islands. This July 24, 1994, view from the west shows the summit region darkened by ashfall that may have originated from an eruption reported on May 25. Dark lava flows from earlier eruptions can be seen on the flanks of the volcano. Photo by Michelle Harbin, 1994 (courtesy of Alaska Volcano Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:311240
Volcano Name:Cleveland
Country:United States
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2019 CE
Elevation:1730m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Intermediate crust (15-25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:0
Pop. within 100km:9
Latitude:52.825
Longitude:-169.944



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
311240 Cleveland 19701 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1938
311240 Cleveland 19702 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1944/6/10 1944/6/12
311240 Cleveland 19801 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1893
311240 Cleveland 19802 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1897
311240 Cleveland 19803 Uncertain Eruption 1929
311240 Cleveland 19804 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1932/1/1
311240 Cleveland 19805 Uncertain Eruption 1951/11/1 1951/12/16
311240 Cleveland 19806 Uncertain Eruption 1953/6/25
311240 Cleveland 19807 Uncertain Eruption 1975/9/16
311240 Cleveland 19808 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1984/7/12 1984/7/12
311240 Cleveland 19809 Uncertain Eruption 1 1985/12/10
311240 Cleveland 19810 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1986/4/28 1986/5/27
311240 Cleveland 19811 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1987/6/19 1987/8/28
311240 Cleveland 19812 Uncertain Eruption 0 1989/10/25
311240 Cleveland 19813 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1994/5/25 1994/5/25
311240 Cleveland 19814 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1994/10/20 1994/10/20
311240 Cleveland 19815 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1997/5/5 1997/5/5
311240 Cleveland 19816 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 2001/2/2 2001/4/15
311240 Cleveland 19817 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2005/3/13 2005/11/27
311240 Cleveland 19818 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2006/2/6 2006/10/28
311240 Cleveland 19819 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2010/5/30 2010/6/2
311240 Cleveland 19820 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 2010/9/12 2010/9/26
311240 Cleveland 19825 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 2007/6/17 2008/8/12
311240 Cleveland 19826 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2009/1/2 2009/1/21
311240 Cleveland 19827 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2009/6/25 2009/6/25
311240 Cleveland 19828 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2009/10/2 2009/12/12
311240 Cleveland 20758 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit crater Historical Observations 2011/7/19 2015/8/18
311240 Cleveland 22128 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit crater Historical Observations 2016/4/16 2019/1/16
311240 Cleveland 22342 Uncertain Eruption Historical Observations 2019/11/7 2019/12/7
311240 Cleveland 22361 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2020/6/1 2020/6/1
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
211 6 2001/02/19 2001/02/19
212 0.13 2006/05/23 2006/05/23
213 1 2013/05/05 2013/05/05


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Field Report for the Collection of Mafic Tephra from the Aleutians Islands between Unimak and the Island of Four Mountains (Alaska, USA) Plank, Terry 2020-06-23 10.26022/IEDA/111584 Details
Bulk rock data for the central-eastern Aleutian volcanoes Rasmussen, Daniel 2021-02-09 10.26022/IEDA/111870 Details
Melt inclusion olivine-host data for the central-eastern Aleutian volcanoes Rasmussen, Daniel 2021-02-09 10.26022/IEDA/111871 Details
Melt inclusion host data for the Cleveland volcano Rasmussen, Daniel 2021-02-09 10.26022/IEDA/111872 Details
Melt inclusion data for the central-eastern Aleutian volcanoes Rasmussen, Daniel 2021-02-09 10.26022/IEDA/111873 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.