Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Baker
Mount Baker, the northernmost of Washington's active volcanoes, is a glacier-clad stratovolcano that is a prominent landmark in the northern Cascade Range. Seen here from the SE above Baker Lake, Baker was observed in eruption from a Spanish exploring vessel in 1792. Historical eruptions have originated from Sherman Crater, the dark area to the left of the summit. Minor phreatic explosions were observed during the 19th century by early settlers in the Puget Sound area as far away as Victoria, British Columbia. Photo by Lee Siebert, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcano Number:321010
Volcano Name:Baker
Country:United States
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Last Eruption:1880 CE
Elevation:3285m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:46
Pop. within 30km:8568
Pop. within 100km:1990504
Latitude:48.777
Longitude:-121.813



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
321010 Baker 20447 Confirmed Eruption South flank (Schreibers Meadow Cone) Radiocarbon (corrected) -7850
321010 Baker 20448 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Sherman Crater? Radiocarbon (corrected) -4550
321010 Baker 20449 Uncertain Eruption 1792
321010 Baker 20450 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1820
321010 Baker 20451 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1843
321010 Baker 20452 Uncertain Eruption 1846
321010 Baker 20453 Uncertain Eruption Sherman Crater 1850
321010 Baker 20454 Confirmed Eruption 2 Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1852/12/1 1853
321010 Baker 20455 Confirmed Eruption 2 Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1854
321010 Baker 20456 Uncertain Eruption Sherman Crater 1856
321010 Baker 20457 Confirmed Eruption 2 Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1858
321010 Baker 20458 Confirmed Eruption 2 Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1859 1860/4/26
321010 Baker 20459 Uncertain Eruption Sherman Crater 1860
321010 Baker 20460 Confirmed Eruption 2 Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1863
321010 Baker 20461 Uncertain Eruption Sherman Crater 1865
321010 Baker 20462 Uncertain Eruption Sherman Crater 1867
321010 Baker 20463 Uncertain Eruption Sherman Crater 1869
321010 Baker 20464 Confirmed Eruption 2 Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1870
321010 Baker 20465 Confirmed Eruption 2 Sherman Crater Historical Observations 1880/9/7 1880/11/27
321010 Baker 20466 Uncertain Eruption Sherman Crater 1884
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the SESAR database.


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Sherman Crater (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Mount Baker is an active glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the North Cascades of Washington in the United States. Mount Baker has the second-most thermally active crater in the Cascade Range after Mount Saint Helens.
Hazard Description: not reporetd
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: Washington, USA
Country: United States
Volcanic Complex: Mount Baker
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Sherman Crater_01012007 Detail 2007/01/01 CO2 150 0 Mg/d
Sherman Crater_01012007 Detail 2007/01/01 H2S 0.3 0 Mg/d
Sherman Crater_07081998 Detail 1998/08/07 CO2 273 0 Mg/d
Sherman Crater_13092000 Detail 2000/09/13 CO2 187 0 Mg/d
Sherman Crater_13092000 Detail 2000/09/13 H2S 5.5 0 Mg/d

Location: Mount Baker (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Mount Baker is an active glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the North Cascades of Washington in the United States. Mount Baker has the second-most thermally active crater in the Cascade Range after Mount Saint Helens.
Hazard Description: not reported
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: Washington, USA
Country: United States
Volcanic Complex: Mount Baker
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Mount Baker_01092000 Detail 2000/09/01 CO2 187 0 Mg/d
Mount Baker_01092000 Detail 2000/09/01 H2S 5.5 0 Mg/d