Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Purace
Snow-capped Puracé volcano has a 500-m-wide summit crater and was constructed over a dacitic shield volcano. It is one of the most active volcanoes in Colombia, with a 500-m-wide summit crater. Frequent explosive eruptions in the 19th and 20th centuries have modified the morphology of the summit crater. The largest eruptions occurred in 1849, 1869, and 1885. Photo by Federmán Escobar Chávez, 2005.
Volcano Number:351060
Volcano Name:Purace
Country:Colombia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Last Eruption:1977 CE
Elevation:4650m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:1465
Pop. within 10km:7152
Pop. within 30km:335698
Pop. within 100km:1751540
Latitude:2.32
Longitude:-76.4



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
351060 Purace 11315 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -160
351060 Purace 11316 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1816
351060 Purace 11317 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1827/11/18
351060 Purace 11318 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1835/1/23
351060 Purace 11319 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1840
351060 Purace 11320 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1847/10/27 1852
351060 Purace 11321 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1860
351060 Purace 11322 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1869/10/4 1869
351060 Purace 11323 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1870
351060 Purace 11324 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1878/8/31
351060 Purace 11325 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1881
351060 Purace 11326 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1885/5/25
351060 Purace 11327 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1899
351060 Purace 11328 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1902
351060 Purace 11329 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1906
351060 Purace 11330 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1924
351060 Purace 11331 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1925/10/12 1925/11/5
351060 Purace 11332 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1926 1926
351060 Purace 11333 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1927
351060 Purace 11334 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1946 1946
351060 Purace 11335 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1947/4/27
351060 Purace 11336 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1949/5/26 1949/6/11
351060 Purace 11337 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1956/7/2
351060 Purace 11338 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1957/7/2
351060 Purace 11339 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1977/3/19 1977/3/28
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
Title Author Release Date DOI Link
Volcanic gas emissions along the Colombian Arc Segment of the Northern Volcanic Zone (CAS-NVZ) Lages, Joao 2019-10-06 10.1594/IEDA/111393 Details
The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world’s subaerial volcanoes Fischer, Tobias 2020-11-21 10.1594/IEDA/111445 Details
Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Purace San Juan (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: diffuse degassing associated to S. Juan hot spring
Hazard Description: na
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Área en litigio
Country: Colombia
Volcanic Complex: Purace
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
San Juan area_15052014 Detail 2017/05/15 CO2 812 227 Mg/d

Location: Purace-Pinuelas (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: degassing near Pinuelas hot spring
Hazard Description: na
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Puracé
Country: Colombia
Volcanic Complex: Purace
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Pinuelas area_15052014 Detail 2017/05/15 CO2 0.03 0.00097 Mg/d

Location: Purace-slope (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: The volcanic edifice of Puracé is a truncated cone with slopes of 30°, with concentric inner and outer craters of 500 and 900 m in diameter, respectively. The fumarolic activity is concentrated inside the crater, mainly at a large fracture zone that traverses the crater floor. CO2 degassing at slope of crater
Hazard Description: na
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Puracé
Country: Colombia
Volcanic Complex: Purace
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Slope area_15052014 Detail 2014/05/15 CO2 9.06 0.48 Mg/d

Location: Purace-summit (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: The volcanic edifice of Puracé is a truncated cone with slopes of 30°, with concentric inner and outer craters of 500 and 900 m in diameter, respectively. The fumarolic activity is concentrated inside the crater, mainly at a large fracture zone that traverses the crater floor. CO2 degassing at summit crater
Hazard Description: n.a.
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Puracé
Country: Colombia
Volcanic Complex: Purace
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Summit area_15052014 Detail 2017/05/15 CO2 25.22 3.91 Mg/d