Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Torfajokull
The Torfajökull central volcano is cut by a 12-km-wide caldera that formed during the Pleistocene. Torfajökull is of one of the largest areas of silicic and intermediate volcanism in Iceland. The Laugahraun (lower left) and Domadalshraun (right center) lava flows, seen here from the SE, are located just within and north of, respectively, the northern caldera rim. During postglacial times only a narrow fissure zone at the western end of Torfajökull has been active, producing mostly silicic lava flows, lava domes, and tephras. Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1977 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
Volcano Number:372050
Volcano Name:Torfajokull
Country:Iceland
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1477 CE
Elevation:1280m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:7
Pop. within 100km:16304
Latitude:63.892
Longitude:-19.122



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
372050 Torfajokull 12680 Confirmed Eruption W side of caldera (Slettahraun) Tephrochronology -6050
372050 Torfajokull 12681 Confirmed Eruption Hrafntinnusker and Domadalshraun Tephrochronology -5050
372050 Torfajokull 12682 Confirmed Eruption W of caldera (Laufafell domes) Tephrochronology -4850
372050 Torfajokull 12683 Confirmed Eruption N of caldera (Haolduhraun) Tephrochronology -4550
372050 Torfajokull 12684 Confirmed Eruption W side of caldera (Markafljot domes) Tephrochronology -1550
372050 Torfajokull 12685 Confirmed Eruption N of caldera (Domadalshraun) Tephrochronology -1150
372050 Torfajokull 12686 Confirmed Eruption 3 N of caldera (Domadalshraun) Tephrochronology 150
372050 Torfajokull 12687 Confirmed Eruption 3 W side of caldera (Hrafntinnuhraun) Tephrochronology 870
372050 Torfajokull 12688 Confirmed Eruption W side of caldera (Hrafntinnuhraun) Tephrochronology 1170
372050 Torfajokull 12689 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? N of caldera (Namshraun, Laugahraun) Historical Observations 1477
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
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Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.