Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Fayal
Fayal volcano is capped by a 2-km-wide, 500-m-deep summit caldera, seen from its southern rim. A small pyroclastic cone was constructed on the floor of the caldera. Thick airfall-pumice and pyroclastic-flow deposits related to formation of the caldera blanket the island. This event was followed by construction of fissure-fed lava fields and small volcanoes that formed a peninsula extending to the west. A dramatic submarine eruption at Capelinhos during 1957-58 created a new island that soon merged with the western peninsula. Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1997 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcano Number:382010
Volcano Name:Fayal
Country:Portugal
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1958 CE
Elevation:1043m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:1514
Pop. within 10km:13757
Pop. within 30km:24414
Pop. within 100km:50663
Latitude:38.6
Longitude:-28.73



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
382010 Fayal 12985 Confirmed Eruption 2 West flank Historical Observations 1672/4/24 1673/2/28
382010 Fayal 12986 Confirmed Eruption 2 West flank (Capelinhos) and summit Historical Observations 1957/9/27 1958/10/24
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Library.
Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
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