Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: La Palma
The northern of two large volcanic centers forming the wedge-shaped island of La Palma, Taburiente, is seen from the southern volcano, Cumbre Vieja. Bejenado volcano (left-center) is located in the large breached caldera of Taburiente volcano (background). Cumbre Nueva Ridge (right) was formed by a large-scale collapse. Cumbre Vieja, the southern volcano, is one of the most active in the Canaries. The elongated volcano is oriented N-S and has been the site of numerous historical eruptions. Photo by Yasuo Miyabuchi, 1997 (Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Kyushu).
Volcano Number:383010
Volcano Name:La Palma
Country:Spain
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Last Eruption:1971 CE
Elevation:2426m
Tectonic Setting:Intraplate / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:442
Pop. within 10km:18506
Pop. within 30km:55922
Pop. within 100km:85416
Latitude:28.57
Longitude:-17.83



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
383010 La Palma 13046 Confirmed Eruption Potassium-Argon -6050
383010 La Palma 13047 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -4900
383010 La Palma 13048 Confirmed Eruption L'Amendrita, Birigoyo Potassium-Argon -4050
383010 La Palma 13049 Confirmed Eruption La Fajana (Volcán Fuego) Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1320
383010 La Palma 13050 Confirmed Eruption El Fraile Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -360
383010 La Palma 13051 Confirmed Eruption Nambroque II-Malforada Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 900
383010 La Palma 13052 Confirmed Eruption 2 Tacande (Montaña Quemada) Historical Observations 1480
383010 La Palma 13053 Confirmed Eruption 2 Tahuya Historical Observations 1585/5/19 1585/8/10
383010 La Palma 13054 Confirmed Eruption 2 South flank of San Martín (Tigalate) Historical Observations 1646/10/2 1646/12/21
383010 La Palma 13055 Confirmed Eruption 2 N & S flanks of San Antonio (Fuentecaliente) Historical Observations 1677/11/17 1678/1/21
383010 La Palma 13056 Confirmed Eruption 2 El Charco Historical Observations 1712/10/9 1712/12/3
383010 La Palma 13057 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? San Juan, Llano del Banco, Hoyo Negro Historical Observations 1949/6/24 1949/7/30
383010 La Palma 13058 Confirmed Eruption 2 Teneguia Historical Observations 1971/10/26 1971/11/18
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Sorry. No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Library
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Library.
Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Cumbre Vieja (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Cumbre Vieja (Spanish: Old Summit) is an active although dormant volcanic ridge on the volcanic ocean island of Isla de La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain, that erupted twice in the 20th century – in 1949, and again in 1971.Nowadays, there are no visible gas emissions from fumaroles or hot springs at Cumbre Vieja. However, recent studies indicated that the main N-S volcanic rift of Cumbre Vieja represents an area of enhanced permeability for deep gas migration that is a preferential route for degassing, where significant amounts of non-reactive gases (helium) escape to the atmosphere
Hazard Description: not reported
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Canary Islands, Spain
Country: Spain
Volcanic Complex: Cumbre Vieja
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Date Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Cumbre Vieja_01082002 Detail 2002/08/01 CO2 950 68 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082001 Detail 2001/08/01 CO2 1348 89 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082003 Detail 2003/08/01 CO2 1253 111 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082004 Detail 2004/08/01 CO2 990 79 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082005 Detail 2005/08/01 CO2 1169 110 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082006 Detail 2006/08/01 CO2 1060 139 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082007 Detail 2007/08/01 CO2 992 44 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082008 Detail 2008/08/01 CO2 807 92 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082009 Detail 2009/08/01 CO2 657 55 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082010 Detail 2010/08/01 CO2 748 71 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082011 Detail 2011/08/01 CO2 1544 81 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082012 Detail 2012/08/01 CO2 320 31 Mg/d
Cumbre Vieja_01082013 Detail 2013/08/01 CO2 1538 160 Mg/d